Tension headache is dull and occurs on both sides of the head. You may feel tension or pressure in your head. Migraines, on the other hand, occur only on one side or worsen on one side. They are characterized by severe throbbing or pulsating pain.
Tension headaches are usually caused by stress, worry, or tiredness. They cause the muscles of the scalp, neck, and jaw to tighten, causing pain. A tension headache usually feels like a constant pain or discomfort in the head. Pain can be distracting, but not weakening.
On the other hand, a migraine is a severe, throbbing headache. If you have a severe headache and feel dizzy, nauseated, sensitive to light, or experience other visual disturbances, you may suffer from migraine. Unlike some forms of migraine, tension headaches are not usually associated with visual disturbances, nausea, or vomiting. Although physical activity often aggravates migraine pain, it does not worsen tension headache.
An increased sensitivity to light or sound can occur with a tension headache, but this symptom is not common. Because mixed tension migraines have symptoms of migraine and tension headaches, they are found somewhere in the middle of the headache continuum. It is believed that migraine comes first and causes tension that triggers a tension headache. Tension headaches are the most common type of headache.
These headaches often cause mild to moderate pain around the head, face, or neck. They usually don't cause other symptoms (such as nausea or vomiting). Health care providers generally don't consider tension headaches to be dangerous. When you're experiencing a headache, tuning in to the location and intensity of the pain can help you distinguish what type of headache it's about.
Pain for each type of headache can be localized on one side of the head or on both sides of the head. If tension headaches are life-altering or if you need to take medicine for headaches more than twice a week, see your doctor. If you experience a headache that is very different in quality or severity (the worst headache of your life) than your usual headaches, or that is associated with unusual symptoms or is associated with an elevated temperature, you need immediate medical evaluation to exclude serious underlying causes. Cluster headaches are very painful headaches that occur on one side of the head and come in groups.
This is what the official medical publication that classifies all headache disorders calls this headache. Knowing if you have a tension headache or migraine will help you choose an appropriate treatment plan for relief. Although many people describe all moderate to severe headaches as “migraine,” there are specific criteria that are used to identify migraine, tension, and other less common varieties of headache. Doctors trained to identify different types of headaches, such as internal medicine specialists, neurologists, or allergists, can help diagnose the cause of headaches.
Although many people believe that any moderate to severe headache is a migraine, there are specific criteria regarding the type of pain and the associated symptoms, which lead to the diagnosis of migraine. While chronic tension headaches can disrupt your life, tension headaches usually don't cause serious health problems. Although it may be tempting to treat headaches at home, repeated or recurrent use of medications can cause a condition known as a drug-overuse headache, a condition in which headaches occur almost daily. If a person takes medicine for migraine headache more than 10 days a month, this could cause an effect known as rebound headaches.
Identifying and treating headaches as early as possible can help a person participate in preventive treatments to minimize the chance of having another headache. .