What are the three main types of headaches?

The Department of Neurology at the National Institute of Neuroscience (NNI) shares the symptoms of 3 primary headaches. Tension headaches are the most common type of headache among adults and adolescents. They cause mild to moderate pain and come and go over time. They usually have no other symptoms.

Others share migraine symptoms, such as nausea or sensitivity to light. Primary headaches occur when the pain in the head is the condition. In other words, the headache is not triggered by something that the body is dealing with, such as a disease or an allergy. A tension headache is one of the most common types of headache, and the exact cause is unknown.

Factors that can contribute to tension or stress headaches are lack of sleep, increased stress (known as stress headache), skipping meals, dehydration, illness or medical conditions, anxiety or changes at home, work, or school. Treatment of tension headaches includes prescription and over-the-counter medications, stress management, and treatment of any underlying disease or condition. In addition to these three main types of primary headache, migraine, TTH, and CT, ICHD-3 lists some diverse primary headaches, including primary cough, exercise, cold stimulus, and sexual activity headache, which are named for their various triggers. Whether it feels like a drill piercing the side of the forehead or intense pressure just above the eye, the relentless pain of a headache is universally recognizable, no matter the type.

Medical research is critical to improving the prevention, treatment, and ultimate cure of these common types of headaches. Other types of additional headaches may be caused by painful cranial neuropathies such as injuries or diseases of the trigeminal, glossopharyngeal nerves or intermediate nerve, occipital neuralgia and other syndromes, neuropathies and paralysis. Once you know the type of headache you have, you and your doctor can find the treatment that is likely to help you and even try to prevent it. The hypothalamus, an area located at the base of the brain, is responsible for the body's biological clock and can be the source of this type of headache.

There are many types of headaches, all painful, but each is associated with different triggers and attributes. If you have any type of headache all the time, it's important to talk to your primary care doctor so they can help you create a treatment plan or refer you to a specialist. Some types of headache can be prevented with medicines, while others can be caused by the same medicine. You may be more susceptible to this type of headache if you use over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers often.