Tension headaches are usually caused by stress, worry, or tiredness. They cause the muscles of the scalp, neck, and jaw to tighten, causing pain. Tension headache is dull and occurs on both sides of the head. You may feel tension or pressure in your head.
Migraines, on the other hand, occur only on one side or worsen on one side. They are characterized by severe, throbbing or pulsating pain. A migraine is much more severe than a tension headache, and most people have pain on one side of their head. Pain or sensitivity to light may increase when you have migraine; some patients also experience nausea or vomiting.
This is a more severe throbbing pain that lasts from half a day to 3 days, and although NSAIDs may offer some relief, a prescription medication is sometimes necessary. Prescription treatments include, as needed, medicines to relieve headache and preventive medications to reduce how often they occur. Migraines can be triggered by several factors depending on the individual; learning your own personal triggers can help you take proactive steps to minimize or prevent a migraine. Treatments for tension headaches are available.
Managing a tension headache is often a balance between practicing healthy habits, finding effective non-drug treatments, and using medicines appropriately. Tension headaches can be hard to distinguish from migraines. In addition, if you have frequent episodic tension-type headaches, you may also get migraines. The general perception that a migraine is more severe than a normal tension headache is correct.
Migraines cause moderate to severe pain that is often described as throbbing or throbbing in one area of the head. Other symptoms include nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and sensitivity to light and sound. Some people may also see flashing spots or lights or have a temporary loss of vision. In contrast, tension headache is mild to moderate and constant (non-pulsating), and often occurs on both sides of the head.
Pain usually subsides with rest and relaxation or, if necessary, aspirin, ibuprofen, or acetaminophen. It is important to know what type of headache you are dealing with before making any decisions or buying pain relievers. When you understand what type of headache you have, you will be better equipped to detect triggers and prevent pain from occurring in the first place. If you experience headaches of any kind regularly, seeking medical help can help you find relief.
As the name suggests, the only similarity between each type of headache is that they cause pain in the head. Treatment also varies for each person; prescription remedies may be required to resolve cluster headaches and migraines, but not necessarily tension headaches. Identifying and treating headaches as early as possible can help a person engage in preventive treatments to minimize the possibility of another headache. The two most common types of headaches, tension headaches and migraines, are often confused because they have similar symptoms and can last anywhere from a few hours to a couple of days.
Learning more about the different types of headaches can help you take the right steps to resolve the pain you feel and know when to seek medical help. Although migraines and tension headaches are accompanied by a headache, migraine headache is. While it may be tempting to treat headaches at home, repeated or recurrent use of medications can lead to a condition known as a drug-overuse headache, a condition in which headaches occur almost every day. A tension headache is likely to be mild and easily treated with an NSAID; a migraine or cluster headache is more severe and bothersome.
All of the headaches listed above (tension headaches, migraines, and cluster headaches) are primary headaches, meaning they have no known cause. A new type of headache that starts after age 50 is also a warning that you should see a medical provider urgently. In other words, secondary headaches are caused by a disease, while primary headaches are the disease. There are key differences between different types of headaches, from the location of the pain to the duration and type of pain you feel.
Doctors trained to identify different types of headaches, such as internal medicine specialists, neurologists, or allergists, can help diagnose the cause of headaches. . .