How many types of migraine are there?

Most people with migraines have common migraines. A rare type of migraine with aura Abdominal migraine is a fairly common condition that affects 4 out of 100 children and some adults as well. Hemiplegic migraine affects a very small percentage of people in the United States. People with hemiplegic migraine attacks experience paralysis or weakness on one side of the body, speech and vision disturbances, and other symptoms that often resemble a stroke.

People who experience repeated and continuous episodes of migraine may have a variant called chronic migraine. It is also sometimes called transformed migraine. Sometimes called intractable migraine, migraine status is a very serious and very rare variant of migraine. It usually causes migraine attacks that are so severe and prolonged (usually lasting more than 72 hours) that you need to be hospitalized.

Retinal migraine is a rare variant of migraine that is characterized by repeated cases of visual disturbances, such as blind spots or blindness on one side of the field of vision. An MOH has frequent or daily headaches with symptoms similar to those of tension headaches or migraine. Focusing on exactly where your head hurts and the symptoms that come with it can help you and your doctor determine what type of migraine or headache you have, resulting in a more effective treatment plan and fewer painful days. If you have migraines consistently or experience one of the rare types, even once, consider seeing a neurologist who specializes in migraines and headaches.

Experts estimate that nearly half of the adult population experiences headaches and 12% of Americans suffer from migraines. Many patients with chronic migraine also use acute pain relievers for headache for more than 10 to 15 days per month, and this can actually lead to even more frequent headaches. However, repeated attacks or certain types of headaches may indicate a more serious health condition. It is common for this type of headache to require physical therapy in addition to medication or other treatment.

Reviewed for accuracy by subject matter experts, headache specialists and medical advisors from the American Migraine Foundation with in-depth knowledge and training in headache medicine. So how do you know what type you're dealing with or if it's migraine? Doctors divide migraine into several categories, and learning more about the type you may have can help you get a diagnosis and personalized treatment that works for you. Sometimes you or your healthcare provider may assume that the pain you feel is a sinus headache or a tension-type headache.