Types of Headaches Basics of Headaches, Sinus Headaches, Tension Headaches, Migraine Headaches, Cluster Headaches, Thunder Headaches, Aches Tension headaches are a common headache often triggered by the Pain can vary from person to person another, but it usually feels throughout the body as a dull and painful sensation. Tenderness or pain may also occur around the muscles of the neck, forehead, or shoulders. Most tension headaches can be treated with over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers to relieve symptoms. Sinus headaches occur when the sinus cavity becomes inflamed due to allergies, illnesses, or dry weather, according to the American Migraine Foundation (AMF).
They are associated with deep, persistent pain in the cheekbones, forehead or bridge of the nose. Pain often increases with sudden head movements and occurs with other sinus symptoms, such as runny nose, fever, and facial swelling. Sinus headaches are treated by reducing the accumulation of mucus that causes pressure in the sinuses. Over-the-counter decongestants and antihistamines and prescription steroid nasal sprays may help relieve symptoms.
A sinus headache may be a symptom of a sinus infection, which may require prescription antibiotics to treat the infection and help relieve headache and other symptoms. Exertional headaches can occur immediately after periods of intense physical activity. Running, lifting weights, and having sex are common triggers for exertional headaches. These short-term, stabbing headaches can occur on both sides of the head and are easily treated with over-the-counter pain relievers and melatonin.
Unlike typical headaches, migraines can cause throbbing pain on one or both sides of the head, dizziness, nausea or vomiting, fatigue, and sensitivity to light, noise, or smell. Migraines may be preceded by visual disturbances, such as halos, flashing lights, zigzag lines, or blind spots. Many women often experience headaches related to hormonal fluctuations. Menstruation, pregnancy, menopause, and hormonal contraceptives affect estrogen levels and cause headaches.
It is estimated that about 60 percent of women with migraines also suffer from menstrual migraines, headaches associated with any part of the menstrual cycle, says the Cleveland Clinic. Over-the-counter pain relievers, along with relaxation techniques, yoga, acupuncture, and diet modification, can help reduce or prevent hormonal headaches. According to AMF, cluster headache is a rare headache disorder that consists of severe burning or throbbing pain around or behind an eye or side of the face, often with facial swelling, redness, sweating, nasal congestion, drooping eyelids, and eye tearing that occurs on the same side as the headache. Cluster headache can be treated with acute and preventive drug therapy such as oxygen therapy, steroid injections, oral steroids (commonly prednisone), and melatonin.
There are many different ways to address headaches. When you start a treatment program, keep track of your results. A headache log can help you measure progress. There are many different types of headaches with various symptoms, severity levels, and treatment options.
This is the most common type of headache that people experience due to the contraction of the muscles of the forehead. Some types of headache can be prevented with medicines, while others can be caused by the same medicine. However, repeated attacks or certain types of headaches may indicate a more serious health condition. You may be more susceptible to this type of headache if you use over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers often.