What are the four types of migraines?

Learn about each different type of migraine, with and without headache, then Migraine with aura (complicated migraine). There are different types of migraine, but not everyone will get “typical” migraine, so refer to this information only as a guide A rare type of migraine with aura Abdominal migraine is a fairly common condition that affects 4 out of 100 children and some adults as well. Migraine without aura is often called common migraine or episodic migraine. It's the most common type.

Typical symptoms are moderate to severe throbbing headache on one side of the head, aggravation from routine physical activity, nausea, and sensitivity to light (photophobia) and sound (phonophobia). According to the International Classification of Headache Disorders, a person must have at least five attacks per year to be diagnosed with migraine without aura. An abdominal migraine is a form of migraine that is mainly seen in children (most often between the ages of 5 and 5), but it can also occur in adults. This is a type of migraine that usually does not involve a headache, although children who have abdominal migraines often have migraines that involve a headache when they are older.

Formerly called basilar-type migraine, migraine with aura of the brain stem has symptoms that can be confused with those of a stroke, such as difficulty speaking, vertigo, instability, and numbness. As with migraine with aura, these symptoms appear gradually before the headache of a migraine. A migraine usually lasts 4 to 72 hours if left untreated. The frequency with which migraines occur varies from person to person.

Migraines can occur infrequently or appear several times a month. Even if you have a history of headaches, see your doctor if the pattern changes or if your headaches suddenly feel different. If you have migraines consistently or experience one of the rare types, even once, consider seeing a neurologist who specializes in migraines and headaches. So how do you know what type you're dealing with or if it's migraine? Doctors divide migraine into several categories, and learning more about the type you may have can help you get a diagnosis and personalized treatment that works for you.

Sometimes you or your healthcare provider may assume that the pain you feel is a sinus headache or a tension-type headache.