Primary headache Migraines, tension headaches, cluster headaches, new persistent daily headaches. Sometimes, exertional headaches can be the result of cardiovascular problems. If so, the doctor may recommend tests to check a person's cardiovascular and cerebrovascular health. A doctor may prescribe medicines, such as antiemetics, to help relieve these symptoms and control nausea and vomiting.
Symptoms usually last 2 to 10 days, but may persist for up to 4 weeks. A high caffeine intake of more than 400 milligrams (mg) or about 4 cups of coffee per day can sometimes cause headaches. In people who consume more than 200 mg of caffeine a day for more than 2 weeks, withdrawal can cause migraine-like headaches. They usually develop 12 to 24 hours after stopping abruptly.
They peak at 20 to 51 hours and can last 2 to 9 days. Secondary headaches often start out of nowhere and are unbearable. Cluster headaches are so called because they tend to recur over a period of several weeks. They usually present with pain limited to one side of the head, usually around one eye.
In most cases, you will need to prescribe medication to control the condition and make symptoms more bearable. Individual episodes often last less than 3 hours. The International Headache Society has established a comprehensive classification that includes more than 150 categories of headache. The most common types of primary headaches are tension headaches, migraines, cluster headaches, and headaches Tension headaches Tension headaches Tension headaches are usually caused by tight muscles in the shoulders, neck, scalp or jaw and are usually related to stress, depression, anxiety, or keeping the head Women are twice as likely to have tension headaches as men.
Migraine Headaches Migraine headaches present moderate to severe pain that is pulsating, throbbing, or pulsating in nature and may involve changes in vision, sensitivity to sound or light, nausea, and loss of appetite. More than 90 percent of migraine sufferers are unable to work or function normally during their migraine. It is estimated that more than 157 million work and school days are lost each year due to migraines. Cluster headaches present an intensely sharp pain located behind one eye or in the eye region.
They usually occur several times a day and can last from 2 weeks to 3 months, and then disappear completely for months or years. Chronic daily headaches are persistent and ongoing, occurring every day for at least three months. It is believed that chronic headaches may evolve from tension-type headaches or start from neck injuries or tiredness. Occipital neuralgia Occipital neuralgia is a relatively rare type of primary headache that can occur when the occipital nerves that run from the top of the spinal cord at the base of the neck to the scalp become inflamed or irritated.
The pain associated with occipital neuralgia is acute, stabbing and electrical. Other symptoms include pain, burning or throbbing in the head, pain behind the eye, sensitivity to light, and sensitive scalp. Often, these types of headaches are the result of a buildup of pressure that occurs when performing an activity, which causes a strain on the body in general, but especially on the head. Some types of headache can be prevented with medicines, while others can be caused by the same medicine.
However, repeated attacks or certain types of headaches may indicate a more serious health condition. You may be more susceptible to this type of headache if you use over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers often. The hypothalamus, an area located at the base of the brain, is responsible for the body's biological clock and may be the source of this type of headache. .